Right up ： Mao Zedong 、 Zhu De 、 Zhou Enlai and Wang Jiaxiang
1928 year 3 month , An important “ guest ”, He's just... Young 22 Zhou Lu, Minister of military affairs of the special commission of southern Hunan Province , here , He has another identity ： Special commissioner of Hunan provincial Party committee ！ He went to Jinggangshan for the purpose of , As a special commissioner of Hunan provincial Party Committee , To announce the resolution of the Shanghai provisional Political Bureau ： He dismissed Mao Zedong, leader of the Autumn Harvest Uprising, as an alternate member of the Political Bureau . actually , The resolution was made half a year ago ,1927 year 11 month 9 Japan , The provisional Political Bureau of the Central Committee headed by Qu Qiubai held an enlarged meeting , The riots across the country have failed , Hold the person in charge accountable , The Autumn Harvest Uprising was organized by Chairman Mao 、 Planning and leading , The uprising failed , Naturally, it is necessary to investigate the leadership responsibility of Chairman Mao . Besides, , Chairman Mao refused to carry out the order of the Provisional Central Committee to take Liuyang and attack Changsha county directly , It's pulling the team up to Jinggangshan , To occupy the mountain as king , When “ Mountain King ” Went to the . But at that time, the punishment for Chairman Mao was to dismiss him as an alternate member of the Political Bureau , It's not expulsion from the party . The resolution of the Provisional Central Committee , It was sent to Hunan provincial Party committee by letter , The Hunan provincial Party committee is responsible for the implementation of . And the Hunan provincial Party committee also informed the South Hunan special committee , Make him choose a brave and “ understand ” My comrades went to Jinggangshan , Announce the decision . This time and again , Nearly half a year has passed .
Chairman Mao and Lin Biao
1928 year 3 At the beginning of , After careful consideration , I chose 22 Zhou Lu, a 16-year-old military minister, went to Jinggangshan as a special commissioner of the provincial Party committee to take on this important task . therefore , There is a scene at the beginning of this article . Zhou Lu is young and vigorous , To shoulder a heavy task , As soon as he got to Jinggangshan , He announced that he represented the Hunan provincial Party committee , Announce the decision of the Central Committee to punish Chairman Mao . But the dramatic scene is , Zhou Lu didn't know whether he was wrong in memory or understanding , He announced in public that he was expelled from the party ！ He was asked afterwards , Is the expulsion of an alternate member of the Political Bureau expulsion from the party , Zhou Lu replied that ：“ That's what I understand .” More Than This , Zhou Lu also held the post of member of the Hunan provincial Party committee and Secretary of the former enemy Committee in addition to Chairman Mao , Cancel the front Committee , Set up a teacher's Committee , He Tingying was appointed as party representative , Mao Zedong was the teacher . This made chairman Mao both sad and angry . Chairman Mao, one of the founders of the party , At this time, he became independent , In the words of Chairman Mao himself , He became a Democrat at that time . Although after Zhou Lu announced the punishment resolution , The Red Army commanders and fighters in Jinggangshan are not convinced , Public sentiment is indignant. , Someone quarreled with Zhou Lu face to face , But after Chairman Mao calmed down , I'd like to urge you to exercise restraint , Obey the decision of the Central Committee . Chairman Mao has a strong sense of organization , He thinks Zhou Lu is a special commissioner , It represents the central government , He should obey all Zhou Lu's decisions unconditionally . That's it , Only Zhou Lu, a member of the Hunan provincial Party committee , But he announced that Mao Zedong, who was an alternate member of the Politburo, was expelled from the party .
Chairman Mao and 3 A group photo of two guards
Zhou Lu is more than that , Also announced the dissolution of the front Committee , Reorganize the Red Army in Jinggangshan into the first division of the first army of the workers' and peasants' revolutionary army , He Tingying was appointed party representative , Chairman Mao is the teacher . This is the only time in Chairman Mao's life that he has been a military officer . So when Mr. Zhu led his department to Jinggangshan to work with the Mao Committee , Chairman Mao went to meet with president Zhu as a teacher , That day, for the first time, he had a rifle on his back , Take a guard to see Mr. Zhu , Chairman Mao said with self mockery ：“ A rifle on the back , The division commander meets the army commander .” This is also Chairman Mao's first and only time to carry a gun , But after the meeting , Chairman Mao gave the rifle to the guard , I haven't carried a gun since . Zhou Lu also announced the resolution of the Hunan provincial Party committee , He ordered the red peasant revolutionary army to go down to Jinggangshan to take part in the uprising in southern Hunan , Although Chairman Mao repeatedly stated the danger of going down the mountain , Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of the downhill revolutionary army , But Zhou Lu didn't listen , He forced Chairman Mao to lead his troops down the mountain , To support the uprising in southern Hunan . Chairman Mao was helpless , I have to work with he Tingying , Leading the revolutionary army down the mountain . But when we got to Lingxian , Chairman Mao took the opportunity to reorganize the army , Just stop moving , Did not implement the decision of Hunan provincial Party committee at that time , Because the enemy is strong and I am weak , There's no need to go into the net .
The meeting of Zhu Mao in Jinggangshan
At this time, under the repeated statements of Chairman Mao, Zhou Lu , There is no need to force the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Army to march into southern Hunan , He left the army , Led a few people to Yongxing , Because the Xiangnan conference of workers, peasants and soldiers was held in Yongxing , Chen Youkui, Secretary of Xiangnan special committee, is also in Yongxing , So Zhou Lu left the Mao Committee and the revolutionary army at this time , Go to Yongxing to attend the conference of workers, peasants and soldiers , By the way, report to Chen Youkui, Secretary of the special committee . Later, the special commission moved to Chenzhou , Zhou Lu also went to Chenzhou with the special committee .
After the long march to Yan'an , A group photo of some comrades who have participated in the Jinggangshan struggle
1928 year 4 month , Xiangnan special committee withdrew to Zixing with the workers' and peasants' revolutionary forces of various counties in southern Hunan led by Chen Yi , Prepare to transfer from Zixing to Anren , Then go to Jinggangshan via Lingxian county , Join forces with the Jinggangshan workers' and peasants' Revolutionary Army led by Chairman Mao .9 Japan , The workers' and peasants' revolutionary army of southern Hunan held a joint meeting of the army and local leaders at Penggong temple in Zixing , At the meeting, everyone unanimously decided to withdraw to Jinggangshan and Mao Zedong Committee division , But Zhou Lu 、 Xi Kesi, inspector of Hunan provincial Party committee 、 Yang Futao, the new secretary of the South Hunan special committee, firmly opposed , They think that going to Jinggangshan is an escape , It's escapism , To be a mountain king , It's not revolutionary . The meeting was very controversial , President Chen recalled many times after liberation . But the principle of democratic centralism is that the minority is subordinate to the majority , So the three of them are against invalidity , The troops made a move to Jinggangshan , The resolution with the Maoist Commission . Zhou 、 Yang 、 The three of them are helpless , Sneaking out of the army in the middle of the night , Yang Futao 、 Sikes and Zhou Lu led dozens of people in the special commission , Quietly leave the army , Go to Hengyang . About three or four days , Near the anrenlong seawall , He was ambushed by Hu Ziliang, a local militia , Zhou Lu raised a horse to take the lead in charge , In the fierce battle, he was killed by several bullets . There are dozens of people in the special commission, including Chen Youkui 、 Sikes and others died in the war .
Zhou Lu's whereabouts and ending after he went down to Jinggangshan are like this , Not missing , He died bravely . But the sad thing is , Zhou Lu is not even a martyr , He died for only 22 year , Neither married nor offspring . During the revolutionary war , There are many people like Zhou Lu , Most of them have no ending , One's whereabouts is a mystery .
Chairman Mao and president Zhu in Yan'an period
Chairman Mao is still impressed by Zhou Lu many years later , He mentioned Zhou Lu many times after the founding of the people's Republic of China , But the chairman is not worried about his expulsion from the party , He just sighed that he didn't treat Zhou Lu to a decent meal in Jinggangshan at that time . The chairman said ：“ We argued a lot at that time , But it's all for work , For the revolution , No personal opinion , There is no personal grudge . I regret it now , I regret that I didn't have a good meal with him at that time .” however , How many people have the strategic vision and foresight of Chairman Mao ？ From the perspective of Zhou Lu , There's no problem with what he did . Later, the chairman also said ：“ The expulsion of me from the party , It's not Zhou Lu's fault , He is also under orders ！” Actually , In the early days of the revolution , Let alone Zhou Lu, who only met once , Even some revolutionary comrades and military generals who lived with Chairman Mao day and night , Many people have opposed Chairman Mao , Such as Zhou Enlai 、 Mr. Zhu 、 Liu Bocheng 、 Chen Yi 、 Xiang Ying 、 Kaifeng and other old revolutionaries , There are also military generals like Lin Biao . The Chinese revolution groped forward in the dark , Chairman Mao is a bright light , Guide our way forward . But in that situation , Almost no one can understand , So the meeting at that time , Chairman Mao is always in the minority , But it has been proved in practice , Truth is often in the hands of a few .