| After having a baby , No matter how clean my parents are , Every day, I stare at my child's stool for a period of time , It's too thin 、 Too much work is a problem .
Today, let's talk about constipation .
Parents often consult on various platforms “ Children are constipated recently , I haven't pooped for days , The character of each stool is dry , The child's defecation is very painful , Now they're refusing to defecate ” This kind of consultation . that , As parents, how to deal with constipation ？
What is constipation ？
Some children don't defecate for a few days , Maybe not constipation . According to functional constipation in children Ⅳ standard
about ＜4 Year old child , The following symptoms include at least 2 term , Continuous at least 1 Months ：
① Weekly defecation ≤2 Time ;
② History of fecal retention * ;
③ Have a history of pain or difficulty in defecating ;
④ Have a history of excreting large feces ;
⑤ There is a lump of dung in the rectum ;
≥4 Year old child , On the premise of not satisfying the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome , The following symptoms include at least 2 term , At least every week 1 Time , Continuous at least 1 Months ：
①4 Children over the age of 20 defecate in the toilet every week ≤2 Time ;
② * fecal retention or excessive self restraint ;
③ A history of painful or difficult defecation ;
④ There is a lump of dung in the rectum ;
⑤ Discharge large pieces of feces that may clog the toilet .
Mom and dad can compare the above symptoms , Judge if the child is constipated .
The cause of constipation
To solve constipation , We should first understand the causes of constipation in children .
Genetic factors, 、 The diet is unreasonable 、 No regular defecation habit 、 Hold your stool often 、 psychological factor （ Such as strange environment 、 Nervousness, etc ）、 Long term constipation can cause children's pain and refuse to defecate .
Like a lot of parent counseling , The child's poop was very good , After added complementary food, appear constipation . At this time, we should consider whether the diet is unreasonable , Or the influence of a certain ingredient in food . This also requires parents to learn to keep a diary of complementary foods , What new things are added every day .
There are also some children who eat milk powder , Prone to constipation , If so , Mom and dad must see if they have made milk powder in strict proportion . You don't have to feel that brewing is thicker for nutrition .
How does child constipation do ？ How to prevent ？
Mild or occasional use of the following methods to reduce constipation , Or it can be used to prevent constipation . Each one is important .
Make a reasonable diet . Add more high fiber foods to your child's diet , Such as plum blossom 、 pear 、 pitaya 、 apricot 、 raisins 、 broccoli 、 Whole grains （ Oatmeal 、 Whole wheat bread, etc ）. Keep water intake every day .
Regular defecation . Help your child establish regular defecation time , Don't hold your stool . Kids who just started kindergarten , If you refuse to defecate in Kindergarten , Parents can gradually help their children adjust to home at night . You can choose after dinner 10 About minutes , Let the child sit in the bedpan or go to the toilet to defecate or stay for a while . Children who already have constipation , Refuse to defecate because of pain , Parents should also try their best to ensure the habit of defecating every day . This is the time , You can use polyethylene glycol or lactulose under the guidance of your doctor , To relieve the discomfort of defecation .
Parents relax . Whether it is to correct constipation or let children develop the habit of regular defecation , It doesn't happen overnight , Parents should not pay too much attention to , Give and seek , And then increase the psychological burden of children .
Make sure you have outdoor activities every day . Daily moderate amount of exercise can increase intestinal peristalsis , It is helpful to relieve constipation . Smaller kids , Parents can do more exercise , Don't just let the child lie or hold .
Constipation is serious , It's no use adjusting your diet , I need to go to the hospital , Exclude constipation caused by organic diseases . Children's constipation is mostly functional , Most of them can be relieved by the above methods .