Let's start with the title rating , Marshal is the highest rank in the people's army of new China , According to the rating requirements , Only generals who have made outstanding achievements in leading the people's armed forces can be rated as marshals . The Marshal's evaluation is not just about seniority , There are a lot of factors for reference .1955 The result of the award is the result of comprehensive consideration , As for Xu Xiang, before Nie Rongzhen, we can find the reason from his qualifications and achievements .
First of all, qualifications . As early as in the period of the Red Army, Xu Qianjin was already the commander of the Red Army's campaign forces , And the Fourth Red Army led by him is the one with the largest output of troops in the Red Army besides the first Red Army , As a major military strategic force , As the youngest commander in chief, Xu Qianjin , His personal experience is similar to that of Zhu De of the first Red Army 、 Lin Biao 、 Peng Dehuai and others are no inferior in comparison , It can even be compared with them . And Nie Rongzhen in the Red Army period , Only served as political commissar of the first Red Army , No significant operational command experience , In contrast, Xu's experience is richer than Nie Rongzhen's , And the experience of the Red Army period is an important basis for evaluation .
Second, merit . The battle of Shuangqiao under the command of Xu Xiangqian , For the first time, the Chinese Red Army of workers and peasants annihilated the entire Kuomintang division in battle , His teacher Yue Weijun was captured . The battle of sujiafu was the first battle in which the besieged points were used for support , Listed as a classic example . Anti six way siege invention " contract the front " The strategy of , Set the highest number of annihilated enemies . In the campaign of Linfen, the tunnel blasting tactics were used to conquer the city and became a classic campaign , In the Jinzhong campaign, the most successful campaign was to use flexible tactics , In the Taiyuan campaign, when the strength and firepower of the troops were not comparable to those of the Kuomintang troops , But dare to take the initiative to attack and succeed . In the process of liberating Shanxi, he used 10000 troops to annihilate 300000 enemies , Completed the highest yield of output and input .
The achievements made by Xu Qianjin in the series of battles mentioned above , So that its military command can be fully displayed , Formed a unique personal style , thus , Xu Xiangqian's position in the Red Army has been firmly established , He became a general with great popularity , These achievements have also become an important factor in his ranking .
Finally, the central government attaches great importance to Xu Qianjin . After the end of the Taiyuan campaign, Xu Xiangqian asked Chairman Mao for recuperation due to physical reasons , So much so that I didn't take part in the founding ceremony of new China , But Chairman Mao did not forget this brave founding general , Without his knowledge, Xu Qianxiang was appointed as the first chief of general staff of the Chinese people's Revolutionary Military Commission , Nie Rongzhen served as deputy chief of the general staff , Xu Qianqian became the superior of Nie Rongzhen . I believe everyone knows the importance and glory of the position of the first chief of general staff , This fully reflects the central government's political support for it 、 A high degree of military recognition and trust .
At this time, some people will question it , Nie Rongzhen is not always acting for the general staff ？ That's because Xu Xiangxiang's body was seriously injured in the war , Need cultivation , Unable to take charge of the work . Chairman Mao appointed Nie Rongzhen as acting chief of the general staff , It is also from this that we can see Xu Qianqian's position in the central government , He was unable to take charge of the work due to his physical reasons and insisted that he be the chief of the general staff , In fact, this can already see the clue of the two people in the ranking .
Of course, Nie Rongzhen's achievements are indelible . During Nie Rongzhen's first term as acting chief of the general staff , The construction of new China's military contingent , They are all carried out with the support of Nie Rongzhen , The training of new China's military forces and the growth of senior cadres are inseparable from Nie Rongzhen's efforts , After Xu Qianqian, he served as the second Chief of general staff of the Chinese people's Revolutionary Military Commission .
On the whole , The ten founding marshals of our country all made great contributions to the founding of new China , Can stand the test of history . In fact, I believe in the revolutionaries of the older generation , Never thought of 、 What rankings have you been fighting for , What fame and fortune , Some outstanding generals who are not ranked as marshals will not leave regrets in their hearts , Because wealth is never the first thing in their hearts .